Goseeko blog

What is GIS ?

by Team Goseeko

Geographical Information System (GIS) is computer software which gives information of any discipline. A Geographic information system is not one thing, nor a single analysis but rather a collection of hardware, software, data organization and professionals that together help people to represent and to analyze geographic data.


  1. Allowing quick updating of data of low efforts and cost.
  2.  Supporting research activities which involve spatial data. 
  3.  Eliminating redundant databases and minimizing duplication.
  4. Answering the query by presenting the information in a format required by the user.


  1. GIS is used to improve organizational integration and is used to make better decisions.
  2. GIS is used for making maps.
  3. GIS is used for every organization of the defense industry in many nations around the world.
  4. GIS provides the analytical capabilities that form the hub of a successful precision agriculture system.
  5. GIS is used in libraries and museums, in education, in conservation of water and wastewater, in transportation, in universities, in mining and many institutions and organizations.


There are five components

  1. Geographic data
  2. Method or procedure
  3. Hardware
  4. Software
  5. People


  1. Data input: Manual digitizing, Scanning, Automatic checking and correction for digitizing error.
  2. Data manipulation: Data revision, Thinning and weeding digital line work.
  3. Data analysis: Point, line and polygon overlay analysis, Spatial data queries.
  4. Data presentation: Automatic dimensioning, Display and plot of digital terrain models.

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