Goseeko blog

What is Construction Material?

by Team Goseeko

The materials which we are used for building any structure is called Construction material. Now-a-days, it is need to deal with tradition construction materials as well as advanced construction material.

Following are the examples of various types of construction material:

1.Natural Material-

  • Stones
  • Timber
  • Lime
  • Soil

2.Artificial material-

  • Bricks
  • Cement
  • Artificial sand
  • Precast concrete products
  • Particle board

3.Special material-

  • Artificial Material
  • Geo-synthetic material
  • Fibre
  • Recycled material

4.Finishing material-

  • Plaster of paris (POP)
  • Mortar 
  • Paints
  • Wall cladding
  • Tiles

Selection of Construction Material:

  • One of the most challenging task of an engineer is the proper selection of the material for a particular job of a construction work.
  • Selection of construction materials depends upon the basis of load taking capacity, serviceability,aesthetically pleasing,economy,environmental friendly etc.

Factors affecting Construction Material:

The factors which affects construction material are as follows:

  1. Strength
  2. Durability
  3. Prescribed Load
  4. Serviceability
  5. Aesthetically pleasing
  6. Economical
  7. Eco-friendly

Application of Various Construction Material:

  • The bituminous materials and asphaltic materials and their various composites are commonly used to make the flexible pavement of  road.
  • Steel is more tensile and have a excellent impact strength, hence it is used to make the rails of railway track in railway construction.
  • We use the material like sand for filtration.
  • We use Cement Concrete pipes in sanitary system.
  • We use the various types of materials like cement, concrete, cement mortar, steel, bricks to construct the dam, canal, reservoir, etc.
  • We use the advanced type of material such as geo-membrane to reduce the soil erosion.
  • We use various advanced construction materials like geo-textiles, geo-net in abutment of the bridges so as to increase its stability.
  • We use the cement concrete in constructing highways.

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