Graph theory is intimately related to many branches of mathematics. It is widely applied in subjects like, Computer Technology, Communication Science, Electrical Engineering, Physics, Architecture, Operations Research, Economics, Sociology, Genetics, etc. In the earlier stages it was called slum Topology. It also has uses in social sciences, chemical sciences, information retrieval systems, linguistics even in economics also.
In calculus, the definite and indefinite integrals are the types of integration used to integrate the functions. The function can be exponential, power, logarithmic, constant, polynomial, or linear. These types of integral are used frequently to determine the area under the curve.
Before studying about permutation and combination, we will have to know about factorial.The product of the positive integers from 1 to n is denoted by n! And we read it as “factorial “
Probability theory: In many real life situations when we are unable to forecast the future with complete certainty. That is, in many decisions, we face the uncertainty. This leads to the study and use of the probability theory.