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What are the powers and functions of a governor?

by Kusum Joshi

The powers and functions of a governor are:

1. Administrative authority of a governor :

a) Governor is a state constitutionally strict person.

b) He appoints a majority party leader as the state prime minister.

c) He appoints members of the Council of Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.

d) He appoints a lawyer, chairman, and members of their respective state public committees.

e) He nominated two Anglo-Indian members of Vidhan Sabha.

f) In addition ,he can ask the Prime Minister for any information.

2. Legislative powers of a governor :

a.  He is part of the Legislature and therefore can summon, postpone, or blame the Legislature.

b. He can request a joint session of both homes.

c.  The bill cannot become a law until it is signed by the governor.

d.He can withhold the bill and send it to the President for consideration.

e.  He can issue ordinances during the legislative recess.

f.  The state legislature may dissolve before the expiration of the term of office of the state legislature, following the advice of the prime minister or the instructions of the president.

g.  He has Vidhan Sabha present his annual budget.

You cannot submit a money bill to Congress without his prior approval.

3. Judiciary:

a) The governor appoints a district judge.

b) The President will consult with you regarding the appointment of a judge in the High Court.

c) Therefore, he may allow, remit, and commute to the judgment of a person convicted by a state court.

4. Financial power:

a) He puts his annual budget in front of Vidhan Sabha.

b) He cannot submit a money bill without his prior approval.

5. Discretionary power:

The governor can use these privileges.

a) If no political party has an absolute majority, the Governor may use his discretion in the election of the Prime Minister.

b) In an emergency, the advice of the Council of Ministers can be revoked. At such times, he acts on behalf of the president and becomes the true ruler of the nation.

c) He uses his instructions when submitting a report on national affairs to the President.

d) Therefore, he may withhold consent to the bill and send it to the President for his approval.

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