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What is Accrual Accounting?

by Bhakti

Accrual Accounting is an accounting method that requires an individual to record all transactions in the books at the time of occurrence. Here, the input is at the time of the transaction, not at the time of receiving the payment. This includes transactions, even if no payment has been made for the purchase of a particular product or service. This technique considers current cash inflows and outflows, and future cash inflows and outflows to determine an organization’s financial position.

The other accounting method used is the cash accounting method. With this method, the payment receipt is recorded when the payment is received and the cost is recorded when the payment is actually made. This method is also known as cash-basis accounting.

How Accrual Accounting works?

Accrual amount refers to the adjustments that must be made before the company’s financial statements are issued. These include expenses, losses, liabilities that have been incurred but not yet accounted for, and income and assets that have been acquired but not previously recorded.

The accrual amount helps to represent the underlying economic reality of the transaction.

This is especially convenient for businesses with a lot of credit transactions. For example, a product or service may be trade in credit rather than in exchange for cash.

Broadly speaking, accounting accruals fall into two categories: revenue (accounts receivable) and expenses (accounts payable).

Receivable Income

Receivables are income or assets (including non-cash assets) that have not yet been received. In this case, the company can provide services and deliver goods, but requires credit. Consider a contractor who issues a £ 1,000 invoice at the beginning of the month but only pays after 30 days. According to accrual accounting, revenue is recognize at the time of invoice issuance, not at the time of payment. Therefore, accrual accounting provides a way to more accurately track a company’s financial position by recognizing the future income it expects to receive.

Receivables typically displays as current assets on the balance sheet until they are recompense.

Accrued Expenses

Typical accrued expenses include unpaid but unpaid interest expense. Operating costs for goods or services from third-party suppliers. Tax payment; generation of wages or salaries.

Advantage of Accrual Accounting

  1. Create a more accurate picture of your business’s performance and finances
  2. Helps businesses make more informed financial decisions
  3. It can facilitate long-term financing (most lenders and investors require that your financial statements be prepare on an accrual basis).

Disadvantages of Accrual Accounting

  1. Can be more complex and requires close scrutiny of invoices
  2. You must pay taxes on your income before the customer actually settles the amount. This can lead to short-term cash flow issues. (Note that if the customer does not pay the invoice, they can charge taxes on future returns).

Interested in learning about similar topics? Here are a few hand-picked blogs for you!

  1. What are Accounting Principles?
  2. What is the Basic Accounting Concept?

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