When we talk about the inverse of a number then it is nothing but the reciprocal of that number.
The inverse of a number 5 can be written as ⅕ or 5-1
The inverse of a matrix is the same idea. If there is a matrix A then its inverse is written as A-1.
We do not write 1/A as inverse in case of matrices.
Before moving towards the definition of inverse of a matrix, here we will understand about the identity matrix.
A square matrix which has 1 on the diagonal and 0 on other places is called an identity matrix.
Identity matrix is denoted by ‘I’.
We can write the identity matrices of order 2 by 2 or 4 by 4 etc.
If there are two square matrices A and B of same order such that-
AB = BA = I
Then the matrix B is said to be the inverse of matrix A. or B-1=A and A is the inverse of B.
If A is a square matrix and and A-1 be its inverse then-
AA-1 = I
Where I is an identity matrix.
Note- We can find the inverse of a matrix only when it is non- singular. That means if there is a matrix A then the inverse can be find only when |A| is non-zero.
How do we find the inverse of a matrix?
There are many methods to find the inverse of a matrix such as – elementary transformation method (Gauss-jordan method), inverse by adjoint matrix etc.
Here we will discuss the method to find the inverse of a matrix with the help of an adjoint matrix.
Inverse of a matrix with the help of adjoint matrix-
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