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What are the functions of Lok Sabha?

by Kusum Joshi

The functions of Lok Sabha are described in the following:

1. Legislation

Its legislative powers and functions extend to all subjects on the Union List and Simultaneous List. In case of emergency, its jurisdiction may be extended to the list of states. A bill cannot become a law unless Lok Sabha passes it. It can introduce both regular and monetary bills. For joint sessions of both parliaments, Lok Sabha’s will take precedence.

2. Finance

In the financial arena, its power is the best and the ultimate. Lok Sabha presents only banknotes.

Once the money bill is approved by Lower house , it is effectively enacted by Congress itself. It alone has the exclusive power to sanction all government spending.

3. Executive management of Lok Sabha

The President of India will give an annual speech at Lok Sabha, which includes next year’s government policy and can be discussed by members of it.

If it makes a motion against him, the unconfident minister must resign.

A “Question-Hour” held daily during Lok Sabha’s sessions to get information from the government.

4. Constitution

Lower house pass all constitutional amendments. . Otherwise, the fix will not take effect.

5. Correcting dissatisfaction function of Lok Sabha

Members of it need to stay in touch with their members and draw the attention of people’s important issues and complaints to its notifications.

These issues will be discussed on the House floor and a resolution may be passed for the government to take action.

6. Other functions

a.  In addition to the Lok Sabha permissions and features described above, It shares its permissions with Rajya Sabha in the following ways:

b.  Election of President and Vice President of India

c.   Impeachment of the president

d.  Dismissal of judges in the Supreme Court and the High Court

e.  Approve the declaration of emergency.

f. However, above powers and functions of Upper house exclusively drafts by the Constitution of the House of Representatives of Parliament.

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