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Role of automation in various Industries

by shruti pandey

In the scope of industrialization, automation is a step beyond mechanization. Automation is greatly reducing the need for human sensory and mental requirements whereas mechanization is providing machinery for assisting them with the muscular requirements of work.

PLC is useful for the fully automated industries or plants or process, the actual processes will be handled and controlled by the controllers they were nothing but the programming logical controllers which means PLC is playing a major role in automation section.

Automation of processes and systems can also be there. Automation plays an major role in the global economy and in daily experience. Engineers strive for combining automated devices with mathematical and organizational tools for creating complex systems for a rapidly expanding range of applications and human activities. There are many roles for humans in industrial processes which are presently lying beyond the scope of automation.

Human-level pattern recognition, language recognition, and language production ability are many times beyond the capabilities of modern mechanical and computer systems. The conversion of a work process, a procedure, or equipment to automatic rather than human operation or control is automation. Automation is not transferring human functions to machines, but involving a deep reorganization of the work process where both the human and the machine functions will be redefined. Early automation is relying on the mechanical and electromechanical control devices; during the last 40 years, however, the computer will gradually become the leading vehicle of automation. Modern automation will be usually associated with computerization.

Benefits of automation

1. Lower operating costs

            It is able to perform the work of three to five people on the basis of task. The savings on cost of labour, energy savings will be significant because of the lower heating requirements in automated operations. There will be minimal material waste for your operation because robots will streamline processes and increase the accuracy of the part accuracy.

2. Improved worker safety

            Automated cells will remove workers from dangerous tasks. Your employees will be thankful to you for safeguarding them against the hazards of a factory environment.

3. Reduced factory lead times

            When we are outsourcing or going overseas, automation will keep your process in-house by improving the control and sometimes reducing the lead time.

4. Faster

            Automation solutions will be on the basis of your unique needs and goals and pay for themselves quickly because of the lower operating costs, reduced lead times and increased output and more.

5. Ability to be more competitive

            Automated cells will allow you for decreasing the cycle times and cost-per-piece while improving the quality. This will allow you for better competing on a global scale. Additionally, the flexibility of robots will enable you for retooling a cell for exceeding the capabilities of your competition.

6. Increased production output

            A robot has the ability for working at a constant speed, unattended, 24/7. That refers to the potential you have for producing more. New products could be more quickly introduced into the production process and new product programming can be done offline without disruption for existing processes.

7. Consistent and improved part production and quality

            The manufacturing process will be performed by the automated cells with less variability than the human workers. So there will be greater control and consistency of product quality.

8. Smaller environmental footprint

            Automation will use less energy when we are streamlining the equipment and processes, by reducing scrap and using less space. By reducing your environmental footprint could save your real money.

9. Better planning

Consistent production by robots will allow a shop for reliably predicting timing and costs. That predictability will permit a tighter margin on most of the any project.

10. Optimal utilization of floor space

Robots will be designed on compact bases for fitting in the confined spaces. In addition to this by being mounted on the floor, robots could be mounted on the walls, ceilings, rail tracks and shelves. They could perform tasks in confined spaces, by saving your valuable floor space.

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