Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Maharashtra, Civil Engineering Semester 6, Fluid Mechanics -II Syllabus

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Unit - 1 Fundamentals Of Microprocessors

Unit 4

Applications of Specific Energy

Unit - 1 LAMINAR FLOW

Unit 1

Laminar Flow

1.1 LAMINAR FLOW Steady uniform laminar flow in circular pipes Velocity and shear stress distribution Hagen Poiseuille equation

1.2 BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY Nominal thickness displacement thickness momentum thickness of the boundary layer Boundary layer along a long thin plate and its characteristics laminar boundary layer turbulent boundary layer laminar sublayer Separation of boundary layer on plane and curved surfaces.

1.3 REAL INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW AROUND IMMERSED BODIES General definition of drag and lift Flow past plates cylinders and spheres drag on sphere cylinder and flat plate.

Unit 1

Laminar Flow

1.1 LAMINAR FLOW Steady uniform laminar flow in circular pipes Velocity and shear stress distribution Hagen Poiseuille equation

1.2 BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY Nominal thickness displacement thickness momentum thickness of the boundary layer Boundary layer along a long thin plate and its characteristics laminar boundary layer turbulent boundary layer laminar sublayer Separation of boundary layer on plane and curved surfaces.

1.3 REAL INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW AROUND IMMERSED BODIES General definition of drag and lift Flow past plates cylinders and spheres drag on sphere cylinder and flat plate.

Unit 1

Laminar Flow

1.1 LAMINAR FLOW Steady uniform laminar flow in circular pipes Velocity and shear stress distribution Hagen Poiseuille equation

1.2 BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY Nominal thickness displacement thickness momentum thickness of the boundary layer Boundary layer along a long thin plate and its characteristics laminar boundary layer turbulent boundary layer laminar sublayer Separation of boundary layer on plane and curved surfaces.

1.3 REAL INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW AROUND IMMERSED BODIES General definition of drag and lift Flow past plates cylinders and spheres drag on sphere cylinder and flat plate.

Unit 1

Laminar Flow

1.1 LAMINAR FLOW Steady uniform laminar flow in circular pipes Velocity and shear stress distribution Hagen Poiseuille equation

1.2 BOUNDARY LAYER THEORY Nominal thickness displacement thickness momentum thickness of the boundary layer Boundary layer along a long thin plate and its characteristics laminar boundary layer turbulent boundary layer laminar sublayer Separation of boundary layer on plane and curved surfaces.

1.3 REAL INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW AROUND IMMERSED BODIES General definition of drag and lift Flow past plates cylinders and spheres drag on sphere cylinder and flat plate.

Unit - 2 FLOW THROUGH PIPES

Unit 2

Flow Through Pipes

2.1 Hydraulically smooth and rough pipes Frictional resistance to flow of fluid in smooth and rough pipes

2.2 Nikurade’s experiment

2.3 Moody’s chart DarcyWeisbach Hazen William’s equation for frictional head loss

2.4 Hydraulic gradient and energy gradient Pipes in series and parallel Branched pipes Siphon transmission of power through pipes

2.5 HardyCross method of pipe networks Waterhammer pressure head due to sudden closure of valve

Unit 2

Flow Through Pipes

2.1 Hydraulically smooth and rough pipes Frictional resistance to flow of fluid in smooth and rough pipes

2.2 Nikurade’s experiment

2.3 Moody’s chart DarcyWeisbach Hazen William’s equation for frictional head loss

2.4 Hydraulic gradient and energy gradient Pipes in series and parallel Branched pipes Siphon transmission of power through pipes

2.5 HardyCross method of pipe networks Waterhammer pressure head due to sudden closure of valve

Unit 2

Flow Through Pipes

2.1 Hydraulically smooth and rough pipes Frictional resistance to flow of fluid in smooth and rough pipes

2.2 Nikurade’s experiment

2.3 Moody’s chart DarcyWeisbach Hazen William’s equation for frictional head loss

2.4 Hydraulic gradient and energy gradient Pipes in series and parallel Branched pipes Siphon transmission of power through pipes

2.5 HardyCross method of pipe networks Waterhammer pressure head due to sudden closure of valve

3.3 C CRITICAL FLOW Specific energy and its diagram alternate depths Computations of critical depth section factor for critical flow critical slope normal critical slope Specific force and its diagram Conditions of critical flow.

Unit 2

Flow Through Pipes

2.1 Hydraulically smooth and rough pipes Frictional resistance to flow of fluid in smooth and rough pipes

2.2 Nikurade’s experiment

2.3 Moody’s chart DarcyWeisbach Hazen William’s equation for frictional head loss

2.4 Hydraulic gradient and energy gradient Pipes in series and parallel Branched pipes Siphon transmission of power through pipes

2.5 HardyCross method of pipe networks Waterhammer pressure head due to sudden closure of valve

Unit - 2 The 8051 Architecture

Unit 6

Fluid Machinery

Unit - 3 FLOW THROUGH OPEN CHANNEL

Unit 3

Flow Through Open Channel

3.2 B UNIFORM FLOW Chezy’s and Manning’s equations Hydraulically most efficient rectangular triangular and trapezoidal sections Computations of normal depth of flow conveyance of channel section factor for uniform flow normal slope and normal discharge.

3.3 C CRITICAL FLOW Specific energy and its diagram alternate depths Computations of critical depth section factor for critical flow critical slope normal critical slope Specific force and its diagram Conditions of critical flow.

Unit 3

Flow Through Open Channel

3.2 B UNIFORM FLOW Chezy’s and Manning’s equations Hydraulically most efficient rectangular triangular and trapezoidal sections Computations of normal depth of flow conveyance of channel section factor for uniform flow normal slope and normal discharge.

3.3 C CRITICAL FLOW Specific energy and its diagram alternate depths Computations of critical depth section factor for critical flow critical slope normal critical slope Specific force and its diagram Conditions of critical flow.

Unit 3

Flow Through Open Channel

3.2 B UNIFORM FLOW Chezy’s and Manning’s equations Hydraulically most efficient rectangular triangular and trapezoidal sections Computations of normal depth of flow conveyance of channel section factor for uniform flow normal slope and normal discharge.

3.3 C CRITICAL FLOW Specific energy and its diagram alternate depths Computations of critical depth section factor for critical flow critical slope normal critical slope Specific force and its diagram Conditions of critical flow.

Unit 3

Flow Through Open Channel

3.2 B UNIFORM FLOW Chezy’s and Manning’s equations Hydraulically most efficient rectangular triangular and trapezoidal sections Computations of normal depth of flow conveyance of channel section factor for uniform flow normal slope and normal discharge.

Unit 3

Flow Through Open Channel

3.2 B UNIFORM FLOW Chezy’s and Manning’s equations Hydraulically most efficient rectangular triangular and trapezoidal sections Computations of normal depth of flow conveyance of channel section factor for uniform flow normal slope and normal discharge.

3.3 C CRITICAL FLOW Specific energy and its diagram alternate depths Computations of critical depth section factor for critical flow critical slope normal critical slope Specific force and its diagram Conditions of critical flow.

Unit - 4 APPLICATIONS OF SPECIFIC ENERGY

Unit 4

Applications of Specific Energy

4.1 A Applications of specific energy gradual transitions of channels

4.2 B GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW Dynamic equation for GVF Classification and characteristics of surface profiles Direct Step method of computing profile length.

4.3 C RAPIDLY VARIED FLOW Definition of hydraulic jump Equation of hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular channel Length height of jump Energy loss in jump Classifications of jump.

Unit 4

Applications of Specific Energy

4.1 A Applications of specific energy gradual transitions of channels

4.2 B GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW Dynamic equation for GVF Classification and characteristics of surface profiles Direct Step method of computing profile length.

4.3 C RAPIDLY VARIED FLOW Definition of hydraulic jump Equation of hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular channel Length height of jump Energy loss in jump Classifications of jump.

Unit 4

Applications of Specific Energy

4.1 A Applications of specific energy gradual transitions of channels

4.2 B GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW Dynamic equation for GVF Classification and characteristics of surface profiles Direct Step method of computing profile length.

4.3 C RAPIDLY VARIED FLOW Definition of hydraulic jump Equation of hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular channel Length height of jump Energy loss in jump Classifications of jump.

Unit 4

Applications of Specific Energy

4.1 A Applications of specific energy gradual transitions of channels

4.2 B GRADUALLY VARIED FLOW Dynamic equation for GVF Classification and characteristics of surface profiles Direct Step method of computing profile length.

4.3 C RAPIDLY VARIED FLOW Definition of hydraulic jump Equation of hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular channel Length height of jump Energy loss in jump Classifications of jump.

Unit - 6 FLUID MACHINERY

Unit 6

Fluid Machinery

6.1 A TURBINES Definition Gross and net heads different efficiencies Classification of turbines component parts and working principles selection of turbines on the basis of head and specific speed.

6.2 B RECIPROCATING PUMPS Components parts working principle Work done of single double acting pumps Negative slip Air vessels – Working principle and necessity.

6.3 C CENTRIFUGAL PUMP Component parts Working principle Static and monomeric heads different efficiencies Priming priming devices Specific speed Theoretical aspects of multistage pumps Trouble remedies operating characteristics curves. Selection of pumps system head curves and pump head curves. Model testing of pumps

Unit 6

Fluid Machinery

6.1 A TURBINES Definition Gross and net heads different efficiencies Classification of turbines component parts and working principles selection of turbines on the basis of head and specific speed.

6.2 B RECIPROCATING PUMPS Components parts working principle Work done of single double acting pumps Negative slip Air vessels – Working principle and necessity.

6.3 C CENTRIFUGAL PUMP Component parts Working principle Static and monomeric heads different efficiencies Priming priming devices Specific speed Theoretical aspects of multistage pumps Trouble remedies operating characteristics curves. Selection of pumps system head curves and pump head curves. Model testing of pumps

Unit 6

Fluid Machinery

6.1 A TURBINES Definition Gross and net heads different efficiencies Classification of turbines component parts and working principles selection of turbines on the basis of head and specific speed.

6.2 B RECIPROCATING PUMPS Components parts working principle Work done of single double acting pumps Negative slip Air vessels – Working principle and necessity.

6.3 C CENTRIFUGAL PUMP Component parts Working principle Static and monomeric heads different efficiencies Priming priming devices Specific speed Theoretical aspects of multistage pumps Trouble remedies operating characteristics curves. Selection of pumps system head curves and pump head curves. Model testing of pumps

Unit 6

Fluid Machinery

6.1 A TURBINES Definition Gross and net heads different efficiencies Classification of turbines component parts and working principles selection of turbines on the basis of head and specific speed.

6.2 B RECIPROCATING PUMPS Components parts working principle Work done of single double acting pumps Negative slip Air vessels – Working principle and necessity.

6.3 C CENTRIFUGAL PUMP Component parts Working principle Static and monomeric heads different efficiencies Priming priming devices Specific speed Theoretical aspects of multistage pumps Trouble remedies operating characteristics curves. Selection of pumps system head curves and pump head curves. Model testing of pumps

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