Question Bank

Unit–2

Linear differential equations of higher order

Question-1: Solve

Sol.

Its auxiliary equation is-

Where-

Therefore the complete solution is-

Question-2: Find the P.I. Of (D + 2)

Sol.

P.I. =

Now we will evaluate each term separately-

And

Therefore-

Question-3: Solve (D – D’ – 2 ) (D – D’ – 3) z =

Sol.

The C.F. Will be given by-

Particular integral-

Therefore the complete solution is-

Question-4: Find the P.I. Of

Sol.

Question-5: Find the P.I. Of (D + 1) (D + D’ – 1)z = sin (x + 2y)

Sol.

Question-6: Find P.I. Of

Sol. P.I =

Replace D by D+1

Put

Question-7: Find P.I. Of

Sol.

Put

Question-8: Solve-

Sol.

The given equation can be written as-

Its auxiliary equation is-

We get-

So that the C.F. Will be-

Now we will find P.I.-

Therefore the complete solution is-

Question-9: Solve the following DE by using variation of parameters-

Sol. We can write the given equation in symbolic form as-

To find CF-

It’s A.E. Is

So that CF is-

To find PI-

Here

Now

Thus PI =

=

=

=

=

So that the complete solution is-

Question-10: Solve

Sol. As it is a Cauchy’s homogeneous linear equation.

Put

Then the equation becomes [D(D-1)-D+1]y = t or

Auxiliary equation-

So that-

C.F.=

Hence the solution is- , we get-

Question-11: Solve

Sol. As we see that this is a Legendre’s linear equation.

Now put

So that-

And

Then the equation becomes- D (D – 1)y+ Dy + y = 2 sin t

Its auxiliary equation is-

And particular integral-

P.I. =

Note -

Hence the solution is -